Immigration to Andorra / Lives in Andorra

Andorra is a privileged destination for many looking for a superior quality of life, security and tax benefits. Our guide will help you navigate the exciting process of making Andorra your new home.

Immigration to Andorra

Andorra is a country that offers a wide range of advantages in many areas, both in the health, fiscal and educational fields as well as in the field of security. For all the advantages that the Principality of Andorra offers, more and more people want to move their residence to the Principality of Andorra. If you are one of them, stay on our website to discover how to immigrate to Andorra with our help.

Requirements For Your Residence In Andorra

sitting human woman workplace paper 1

If you want to reside in Andorra, you need to have the authorization or residence permit. There are several types of permits for your residence in Andorra. All of them have their obligations, rights, requirements and conditions with their corresponding documentation and procedures.

Currently, there are several types of residence to live in the principality of Andorra. At ICOB we explain them to you!

Residence Permits in Andorra

Active Residences

  • On own account
  • For someone else's account
  • Storm
  • Digital nomad
  • Program for entrepreneurs

Passive Residences

  • No Profitable Activity.
  • Family reunions
  • Professionals with international exposure
  • Of cultural, scientific or sporting interest.

others

  • Borderers
  • Work without residence
  • come down

Active Residence in Andorra. Rights, Obligations and Conditions

Obtaining Active residence in Andorra gives you the right to live officially in Andorra where you can also work and develop your professional career. All residence permits have points in common as requirements:

Requirements for Residency in Andorra

 

  • Be of legal age (over 18).
  • Have no criminal or judicial history.
  • Carry out a medical examination.
  • Employment contract, having a company in Andorra or having the foreign investment file (requirement to create a company in Andorra).
  • Commit and fulfill at least 183 days in Andorra.
  • Have an immigration permit.
  • Registered with CASS, the Andorran Social Security.
  • If you have one, approve the driving license and change the car registration (6 months from the date of obtaining the residence).

Active Residence If you come to Andorra to work for someone else...

Know the rights and obligations you have if you come to live in Andorra working in a company:

Rights:

You will obtain authorization to reside in Andorra and you will be able to work for a company during the validity of the permit.

Obligations:

Having an employment contract with an Andorran company and being a permanent resident in Andorra is essential. You must also comply with the regulatory quota established by the Government of Andorra.

What documentation and renewals do I need to do if you come to Andorra to work for someone else?

business people signing contract

The documentation you need to live in Andorra is your passport, criminal record, marital status, document verifying your accommodation, curriculum vitae, CASS points, recent passport photo, Commune Residence Certificate and salary slips.

On the other hand, the renovations you will have to do are few. Please note that the first authorization lasts for one year. You will then have to renew three times over two years. After this two-year period, renewals are for 10 years.

Andorra has a special agreement with the Trilateral Countries (France, Spain and Portugal). If you come from these countries we have less requirements.

If, on the contrary, you come from other countries, you will need 4 years of accredited work experience or appropriate training in the workplace for which you are requested in Andorra.

CONTACT US as each case is different.

Active Residence If you come to Andorra to work for yourself...

Know the rights and obligations you have if you come to live in Andorra working as a self-employed person:

Rights:

With this permit you will be able to reside in Andorra and work for yourself permanently as long as the residence permit in Andorra is in force.

Obligations:

Your stay in Andorra will be linked to the results of your business activity. One of the requirements will be to deliver the accounts deposit.

What documentation and renewals do I need to do if you come to Andorra to work on your own?

The documentation they will ask you to live in Andorra working on your own account  the passport, criminal record, civil status, document that verifies your accommodation, curriculum vitae, points from the CASS or Vida Laboral, the documentation with the foreign investment or freelancer and the Certificate of Residence of the Commune.

You will have to make a deposit of €50,000 to the Andorran Financial Authority. You will get this deposit back when you leave the country.

The renovations you will have to make are simple. The first authorization lasts for one year. You will then have to renew three times over two years. Once this period has passed, renewals must be every 10 years.

At ICOB we will help you throughout this process of coming to live in Andorra. Contact with us!

What documentation and renewals do I need to do if you come to Andorra to work on your own?

The documentation they will ask you to live in Andorra working on your own account  the passport, criminal record, civil status, document that verifies your accommodation, curriculum vitae, points from the CASS or Vida Laboral, the documentation with the foreign investment or freelancer and the Certificate of Residence of the Commune.

You will have to make a deposit of €50,000 to the Andorran Financial Authority. You will get this deposit back when you leave the country.

The renovations you will have to make are simple. The first authorization lasts for one year. You will then have to renew three times over two years. Once this period has passed, renewals must be every 10 years.

At ICOB we will help you throughout this process of coming to live in Andorra. Contact with us!

Active Residence If you come to Andorra to work temporarily...

 

The documentation they will ask you to live in Andorra working on your own account  the passport, criminal record, civil status, document that verifies your accommodation, curriculum vitae, points from the CASS or Vida Laboral, the documentation with the foreign investment or freelancer and the Certificate of Residence of the Commune.

You will have to make a deposit of €50,000 to the Andorran Financial Authority. You will get this deposit back when you leave the country.

The renovations you will have to make are simple. The first authorization lasts for one year. You will then have to renew three times over two years. Once this period has passed, renewals must be every 10 years.

At ICOB we will help you throughout this process of coming to live in Andorra. Contact with us!

Active residence If you are a digital nomad

 

This type of residence is aimed at all new arrivals who do not require a specific geographical location to carry out their work and use telecommunications and technology. If this is your profile we will ask you:

  • Original and photocopy of passport
  • Certificate of criminal record issued both from the country of your nationality and from those where you have legally resided
  • Having obtained a favorable resolution from the Ministry of Economy
  • Passport photo in color (35x45mm)
  • Have a home that meets the minimum conditions of habitability or evidence of the acquisition of a home.
  • Proof of marital status
  • Commitment to fix your residence 90 days a year in Andorra
  • Prove that you have sufficient financial means to reside in Andorra
  • Justify and have valid health coverage for Andorra, sickness and disability insurance.
  • Communal registration

This type of residence may conflict with tax residence following OECD criteria. The grant of residence is subject to the control of the Ministry of Economy.

As a strong point, it asks you to be in Andorra 3 months a year and a capital deposit in the AFA is not necessary.

Active residence If you are an entrepreneur with a projected success

 

This type of residence is aimed at all new arrivals who do not require a specific geographical location to carry out their work and use telecommunications and technology. In addition, it will be necessary to participate in one of the programs for foreign entrepreneurs promoted by the Ministry.

If this is your profile we will ask you:

  • Original and photocopy of Passport
  • Certificate of Criminal Record issued both from the country of your nationality and from those where you have legally resided
  • Having obtained a favorable resolution from the Ministry of Economy
  • Passport photo in color (35x45mm)
  • Have a home that meets the minimum conditions of habitability or evidence of the acquisition of a home.
  • Proof of marital status
  • Commitment to fix your residence 90 days a year in Andorra
  • Prove that you have sufficient financial means to reside in Andorra
  • Justify and have valid health coverage for Andorra, sickness and disability insurance.
  • Communal registration

This type of residence may conflict with tax residence following OECD criteria. The grant of residence is subject to the control of the Ministry of Economy. These are residences that will be granted in a few cases related to projects that have economic viability and are supervised by business incubators.

As a strong point, it asks you to be in Andorra 3 months a year and a capital deposit in the AFA is not necessary.

Passive Residence in Andorra. Rights, obligations and conditions

Passive residence in Andorra gives you the right to reside in Andorra without having to carry out any activity in the country. To have this passive residence permit, you can do it in three different ways. Depending on your profile you can do it in one way or another.

Rights:

You will obtain authorization to reside in Andorra without having the obligation to have an employment contract or a company, during the validity of the permit.

Obligations:

You will have to comply with the established regulatory quota and effectively live in Andorra for a minimum period of 90 days a year, without having to have a work contact or exercise any professional activity.

What documentation and renewals do I need to do if you come to Andorra with the Passive Residence permit?

To acquire your passive residence permit in Andorra, you must have your passport or DNI in force, bring your criminal record, accommodation documents and your civil status, curriculum vitae, document proving that your annual income and the certificate of residence of the Commune.

When renewing your passive residence permit in Andorra, you must do so two years after the first authorization. Once these two years have passed, the second renewal will last for three years. After this period, renewals will have to be done every ten years.

If you have any doubts, at ICOB we will accompany you throughout the process of coming to live in Andorra.

Types of Residences Without Profitable Activity

business people shaking hands together 2

Residence without gainful activity

To obtain the residence permit without gainful activity, you must invest at least €600,000 in Andorran assets to be able to show your commitment to the Principality of Andorra. These Andorran assets can be the following:

  • Invest in share capital shares or own funds of companies residing in Andorra.
  • Stay a minimum of 90 days a year
  • Debt or financial instruments issued by financial institutions in Andorra.
  • Acquire real estate located in the Andorran territory.
  • Debt instruments issued by any Public Administration of Andorra.
  • Achieve life insurance products contracted with entities resident in the Principality of Andorra.
  • Deposits at the Andorran Financial Authority.

Finally, to obtain the residence permit without gainful activity you will have to make a deposit to the Andorran Financial Authority of €47,500, this amount will be returned to you if at some point you decide to stop residing in Andorra. On the other hand, for each person who is dependent on you with the status of resident without gainful activity, the holder of this person or persons must pay €9,500 per person to the deposit of the Andorran Financial Authority.

Residence for family reunification:

young family moving into new home
 To obtain this type of residence and regroup a spouse, descendant or ascendant; you must have contributed at least 3 full months to the CASS.

You can bring your family depending on the income you have.

For example, in 2023 the minimum wage in Andorra was €1286.13. Apart from the minimum wage, you must prove income worth:

  • Spouse * a 100% of the added minimum wage
  • Dependent children or minors * a 70% of the added minimum wage
  • Ascendants or dependents * a 100% of the added minimum wage

If we wanted to regroup a partner and a child, we would have to have a gross salary on the payroll of at least €3472. In the case of employers, the necessary incomes are determined through bank certification.

Residence for professionals with international projection and for reasons of scientific, cultural and sporting interest

The residence for professionals with international projection for reasons of scientific, cultural and sporting interest is perfect for professionals who establish their headquarters or base of activity in Andorra. To obtain this type of residence you must:

  • Live in Andorra for a minimum of 90 days per year
  • Provide at least the 85% for services outside Andorra
  • Buy or rent a home in the Principality of Andorra.
  • Be able to demonstrate the economic viability of the activity you will develop within the Principality of Andorra.
  • Have sufficient financial means both for yourself and your dependents in Andorra.
  • Make a deposit to the Andorran Financial Authority of €47,500, this amount will be returned to you if at some point you decide to stop residing in Andorra. On the other hand, for each person who is in your charge as a resident without gainful activity, the holder of this person or persons must pay €9,500 per person to the deposit of the Andorran Financial Authority.

Residence for admission to geriatric centers or admission to medical or therapeutic care centers

doctor talking senior man indoors
The residence permit for admission to geriatric centers or for admission to medical or therapeutic care centers allows you to reside in Andorra for at least 90 days per calendar year.

When obtaining this residence permit you must meet certain requirements:

  • Live in Andorra for a minimum of 90 days per year.
  • You cannot carry out any work or professional activity.

Prove that you have sufficient financial means.

Work permit as a frontiersman

Although working in Andorra can be an attractive challenge and salaries are generally higher than in Spain, housing in the country has become more expensive in recent years due to various social/economic phenomena. And living in towns close to Andorra is an increasingly frequent option for both workers and nationals. This type of permit allows you to work in Andorra, open a bank account in the country, have access to the Andorran health system, contribute to our pension system; but residing in nearby towns in Spain and France.

If this is your profile we will ask you:

  • Original and photocopy of passport and ID
  • Certificate of Criminal Record issued both from the country of your nationality and from those where you have legally resided
  • Comply with the requirements set by Immigration and the established quotas.
  • Employment contract of an Andorran company
  • Passport photo in color (35x45mm)
  • Accredit by means of residence certificate and rental contract the address close to Andorran territory
  • Proof of marital status
  • Curriculum

Also with this type of permit you will pay taxes in Spanish or French territory. You will NOT have the right to approve your permit or to have a vehicle with Andorran registration. There is a distance criterion with Andorra that marks the possibility of being a border (approx. 30 km)

Contact us and explain your case.

Work permit without residence

It is a fact that after 2020 and with the help of technologies, many of us, workers and employers; we saw that it was not necessary to live close to where we work to go to an office.

Countless professions that start from both telephone and mostly digital media. The idea that we can hold an online team meeting or offer workers the possibility to live where they want taking into account their vital/personal needs has revolutionized the world of work.

Andorra also offers the possibility of working for a company in the country, from wherever you want. Next to your loved ones or in a paradisiacal environment.

If this is your case, we will ask you:

  • Original and photocopy of Passport and ID
  • Certificate of Criminal Record issued both from the country of your nationality and from those where you have legally resided
  • Meet the requirements set by Immigration and the quotas established.
  • Employment contract of an Andorran company with a fixed salary higher than 3 times the minimum salary.
  • Passport photo in color (35x45mm)
  • Proof of domicile.
  • Proof of marital status
  • Proof of private health insurance that covers the country of residence.
  • Curriculum

With this type of residence, the distance criterion disappears.

Contact us to find out more about this new type of work permit.

come down

It is a reality that every year new people arrive in Andorra but there are also those who leave. Regardless of the reason that leads you to leave the country, we want to make it easier for you, managing all those obligations you have and so that you can face new projects in your life.

We will need/manage:

  • Communal charge and communal fees settled
  • Download country
  • Receipt
  • Certificates (in case of capital deposit in the AFA)

We can help you close this chapter of your life in any procedure or management you have to do in Andorra. Contact us.

Fiscal residence

thoughtful businessman sitting with open laptop computer looking worried while thinking about planning top view
When you have residence in Andorra, you can live in the Principality officially and formally, but it does not give you the right to obtain Andorran tax residence to pay taxes in the country when they come from worldwide income. Individuals only have tax residence in a single country, but can simultaneously have residence permits in different countries during the tax year.

To define and determine which is the country in which a natural or legal person is resident for tax purposes, we must assess some criteria that define that person's tax residence. These criteria are based on the OECD model and are as follows:

  • Be a tax resident in the State, territory or jurisdiction for a minimum period of 183 days, or where the person has their permanent home.
  • If you do not comply with any of the previous points, you will be tax resident where you have the center of economic interests.
  • In the case of not fulfilling any of the other points, he will be tax resident where he has his center of vital interests such as the residence of his family nucleus.
  • If, at this point, you still do not meet any of these criteria, you will be assessed where you usually stay.
  • The criterion of nationality is valued.

And finally, if none of the aforementioned criteria is met, an agreement is attempted by both parties.

How Can You Process Your Residence in Andorra?

Obtaining a residence permit in Andorra is a process that requires several procedures. These procedures can be expedited with the help of experts in these types of procedures. At ICOB we are professionals who will help you speed up and successfully complete your residence permit in Andorra.

The process for obtaining the residence permit and its relevant renewals depends on the type of residence you need. With the support of professional consultants like those of our ICOB team you will be able to get your residence permit in the best possible way.

We recommend that you leave the renovations in our hands, as our "know-how" will make the renovation a success.

Deposit to the Andorran Financial Authority (AFA)

business man financial inspector secretary making report calculating checking balance internal revenue service inspector checking document audit concept

The Andorran authorities have recently established that when making foreign investments, with the permit to work on your own account as a company administrator, and for passive residence permits, a deposit must be compulsorily deposited in the'Financial Authority of Andorra (AFA).

This amount that must be paid to the Financial Authority of Andorra can be a problem when deciding to invest and live in the Principality of Andorra. But this amount is fully recovered without any problem once you deregister in the Principality of Andorra. The only drawback you may encounter in returning this bond is if you have debts with the Andorran administrations or similar.

This bond has been established in the country due to the large number of problems due to false self-employed persons and natural or legal persons who left their residence in Andorra leaving debts to the administrations. In order to combat this problem, it was decided to make this bond mandatory to demonstrate the commitment of new residents in the Principality of Andorra.

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